Top 10 Signs of an Abusive Man

All rights reserved.

Stephany Alexander is an online dating and infidelity expert. For more information about the book, cheating men, or for infidelity advice, visit

Abusive men are often survivors of abuse themselves. Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous are excellent programs for an addict. Manipulates – Tells you you’re crazy or stupid so the blame is turned on you. Unwilling to seek help – An abusive man doesn’t think there is anything wrong with him so why should he seek help? Does not acknowledge his faults or blames it on his childhood or outside circumstances.

9. By staying in an abusive relationship you are condoning it. Men who abuse animals are much more likely to abuse women also.

© Stephany Alexander, Online Dating & Infidelity Expert. If you are scared you won’t be able to survive because of finances, pick up the phone book and start calling shelters. Has a history of abusing women and/or animals or was abused himself – Batterers repeat their patterns and seek out women who are submissive and can be controlled. The abuser’s partner should also seek help for their codependent behavior at Codependents Anonymous.

Abusive relationships are characterized by control games, violence, jealousy and withholding sex and emotional contact. If you partner is not willing to seek help for his abusive behavior, your only option is to leave.

1. Drugs and alcohol can create or further escalate an abusive relationship. Tells others you are unstable.

5. Be prepared for the abuse to increase after you leave because the abuser has lost control. Actions don’t match words – He breaks promises, says he loves you and then abuses you.

7. Becomes angry if woman begins showing signs of independence or strength.

3. The goal of an abusive man is to make you feel weak so they can feel powerful. Abusive behavior touches all ranges of society.

Author’s Bio: 

If the abusive man is not willing to seek help, then you must take action by protecting yourself and any children involved by leaving.

Your rating: None Average: 3.6 (7 votes)

According to the American Psychological Association Force on Violence and Family, over 4 million American women experience a serious assault by a partner each year! Who can forget when heavy-weight champ Mike Tyson was convicted of raping Desiree Washington and sentenced to six years in prison. He controls finances, the car, and the activities you partake in. A verbally abusive man will talk down to you or call you names in order to make himself feel better. Try calling family, friends and associates and ask them if they can help or know of ways to help. Control – He is overly demanding of your time and must be the center of your attention. Alexander is the CEO/Founder of , the “World’s Largest Database Rating Men” and the author of the book, “Sex, Lies and the Internet,” – An Online Dating Survival Guide. A sign of an abusive man can usually be found after a few dates if you pay attention, ask a lot of questions and do some investigating into his past.


. Punishes you – An emotionally abusive man may withhold sex, emotional intimacy, or plays the “silent game” as punishment when he doesn’t get his way. According to an on-going abuse poll conducted by, of over 7,000 women over 56 percent had been sexually abused. Make sure you pay attention to his actions and not merely his words.

If you continue to stay in an abusive relationship because you think he will change and start treating you well, think again. Once you leave, the abuser may cry and beg for forgiveness but don’t go back until you have spoken to his counselor and he has completed long-term therapy successfully. Tyson served three years before being released on parole. An abusive man may tell you he loves you or that he will change, so you won’t leave. Thereafter, he married Robin Givens but they divorced on Valentine’s Day only a year later because Givens claimed Tyson abused her. If they were, women would dump the abusive men immediately in search of a good man.

We have broken down the top 10 signs of an abusive man. Mood Swings – His mood switches from aggressive and abusive to apologetic and loving after the abuse has occurred.

6. Views his woman and children as his property instead of as unique individuals. Frequently an emotionally abusive man is also a verbally abusive man or a combination of all abuse types. Jealousy & Possessiveness – Becomes jealous over your family, friends, co-workers. Abusers are frequently insecure and this power makes them feel better about themselves.

4. Accuses you of cheating or flirting with other men without cause. Tries to isolate you. If your partner exhibits one or more of these signs, it may be time to reevaluate your relationship and seek help or get out. Emotional abuse causes low self-esteem and depression. As the old saying goes, “actions speak louder than words.” Abusive relationships are never abusive in the beginning. Abusive behavior can be a generational dysfunction and abused men have a great chance of becoming abusers. However, the more times you take him back, the more control he will gain. Ms. Group counseling sessions are particularly helpful in helping abusive men recognize their abusive patterns. Disrespects women – Shows no respect towards his mother, sisters, or any women in his life. Signs of an abusive man can range from emotional, verbal, physical, or sexual abuse. He verbally abuses you by frequently criticizing you.

8. Tries to make you think that it’s your fault he is abusive. Type A personality types seem to be more prone to abusive behavior due to their aggressive nature. An abusive man does not change without long-term therapy. Says he can’t help being abusive so you feel sorry for him and you keep trying to “help” him. An emotionally abusive man is harder to pin-point and a skilled, abusive man can easily make you think you aren’t good enough or that everything is your fault. Always asks where you’ve been and with whom in an accusatory manner.

2. The Bureau of Justice Statistics states that on the average, more than three women are murdered by their husbands or boyfriends every day so please be careful. Thinks women are stupid and worthless.

10. He always justifies his actions so he can be “right” by blaming you or others. Empty promises become the norm. It is just as difficult to recover from emotional abuse as it is from physical abuse. Superiority – He is always right, has to win or be in charge

Power Tea – How to Make Your Own Sports Drink by Anthony Chapman

Power tea can be consumed 3 times daily and a way to make it convenient is to make a thermos with 3 cups in the morning and drink it throughout the day.

Power tea builds strong and powerful ligaments, tendons, cartilage and muscle. it can be difficult to get hold of.

If you are a lean athlete in intensive training you may add 2 teaspoons of dextrose per cup of Power Tea.

This tea can be used for anyone and not just athletes. I don’t know about you but I don’t think drinking anything containing artificial ingredients at a time when your body needs the nutrients the most is going to benefit you short term and definitely not long term.. The reason is because just about all energy drinks and protein drinks on the market are full of sweeteners and artificial additives. If anyone reading this knows anyone who supplies Gelatin from Beef in Europe please send me an email.

You have permission to publish this article in your web sites, ezines or electronic publication, as long as the piece is used in its entirety including the resource box, all hyperlinks (HTML clickable) and references and copyright info.

I have been scouting for alternatives to commercial sports and protein drinks for a while. Here is how to make Power Tea

Thanks to Dr. At the time of writing this I am not aware of anyone in the E.U.

You can flavour the tea with ginger; ginger is a natural anti-inflammatory herb. One of the main ingredients is Gelatin, Gelatin from Beef is the preferred choice but unless you live in the U.S.A. You can also add half a tablespoon of coconut oil with each tea.

On the other hand you don’t need to do either, you can just drink it straight. It can also help enhance mental and emotional power. selling Gelatin from Beef. The tea is complete protein and high in amino acids, your body will be able to absorb and make the most of all of it.

To make Power Tea dissolve one to two level tablespoons of Great Lakes Gelatin per cup of boiling water. If you prefer you could mix it into a little water at room temperature just before adding the boiling water.

(c) Copyright – Anthony Chapman, All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Or you could use peppermint herbal tea or both. Cliff Oliver for the information to compile this article

How I Got Live Streaming ESPN On My Roku Box

In addition to the live streams you also get access to podcasts, and all the clips from Sports Center you want.

If you didn’t click through to that other article you should know we ended up buying a small piece of software to run on our PC called PlayOn; that gives us the ability to get sports and CBS shows on our TV easily.

Again, I’m using a lifetime license for PlayOn.TV to stream the content to my computer. Of all the major sports my only “vice” is really baseball and although I like watching some of the playoffs from other sports like Football, Basketball, and the occasional NCAA tournament game the MLB captures most of my attention throughout the year.

PlayOn basically plays content that is available on the internet and then streams it from your computer over to your Roku box which is connected to your TV. This allows you to view “TV” normally from your couch while all the content is actually internet content that would ordinarily be served up to your computer screen.

As I write this in fact it’s opening day of the 2013 Major League Baseball season and I’m currently watching the opening day game between the Dodgers and the Angels on ESPN3 live stream. This saves me tons of money over the course of a year and it satisfies my need for live sports and sports news.

To stream ESPN live you need to have an account with your local cable provider but even if you don’t have an account (or your local provider is excluded from this functionality) you can still get standard SportsCenter clips for free as well as live streams (and recently aired programs) from ESPN3 completely free.

ESPN is elusive for the most part outside of standard cable but with PlayOn you have the ability to stream live ESPN, ESPN 2, ESPNU, & ESPN 3 programming to your TV. You can read more about my setup here or over on my review of PlayOn here.

. If you’d like you can read more about Playon and how it works here.

ESPN has been a staple in my home for decades – for as long as I can remember in fact – and dropping cable for me was the equivalent of dropping my SportsCenter addiction and never watching baseball tonight ever again.

One of the biggest obstacles to cutting cable all together for many people is the difficulties in getting quality sports online. It’s certainly possible that this solution won’t work for everyone but aside from continuing to pay for a cable bill or adding premium sports packages like MLB.TV to your monthly budget this is a good and inexpensive way to go.

The setup certainly costs a bit of money to get going (around $50 – give or take $5-$10 up or down during sales cycles and for various product versions) but it’s not a whole lot in the grand scheme of things plus the costs are non-recurring, meaning you will make up the costs in monthly savings fairly quickly.

In short PlayOn basically acts as a conduit between my computer which has access to the entire internet and my TV which doesn’t. It then streams the internet content to my TV for more convienient watching. For me this isn’t a big problem for the better part of the year. I wanted my favorite shows but I also wanted to watch my baseball games and sports news periodically too.

Obviously everyone’s desires for sports and ESPN will vary.

As I mentioned before dropping cable was a problem for us in that getting our favorite shows on CBS would be problematic without the cable company. I don’t actually have an account with my cable provider and I haven’t paid for MLB.TV either. For my wife this was this biggest issue; for me it was but one of two big issues

Casino-Gaming :: Mobile Casino Bonuses For The Players On The Go

With the updates on the mobile casino bonus, you can plan your wager accordingly.

You have to be a prudent and experienced gambler to get to know all about the importance of mobile cash bonuses as there are many hidden secrets behind them.

Through the WAP or Wireless Application Protocol meant for the mobile or cell phone services to get wireless and telephony services delivered, the gambler remains constantly updated. Some may look very attractive but may have strings tied to them. As the links are available online and it depends which ones you want to access, it is best to go through them on your mobile phone to get the best mobile casino bonus. Among the games a player would find classic casino games as well as new games. Besides of the mobile bonus promotions these mobile casinos are offering mobile casino games matching online casinos. Depending on the type of phone you use, you just click the button of the link to access the site. You can use the same account you use for internet wagers to get to access all the information as well as the bonuses on offer. Online mobile casino bonus is meant to attract the gambler to the circuit like the days of old. There are several of the websites from which you can choose which mobile cash bonus suits you best. Earlier, the traditional brick and mortar casinos offered free drinks and meals to entice the gambler, but with the arrival of cell phones, mobile casino bonuses have come to stay. You would be able to figure out which ones is sticker and which ones are less sticky. . You can play for fun or may want to make some extra money; you will get the casino bonus promotions online as usual. You can now use the information sent by online casinos to plan your wager on the go. Mobile casino bonuses are vital for the gambler on the go as updated information is essential for placing wagers. Again, there are online sites that have the necessary facilities for sports betting and you get updated with daily schedules on your mobile phone.

With the rise on the number of online casinos, the need for keeping the gambler updated with the latest offers has become necessary. With competition among casinos growing, gamblers can access online casinos from their mobile phones and get regular updates on mobile casino bonus.

You not only get mobile casino bonus information, but also your account balance and they are all easily accessible.

There are many casino websites all over the internet that offer mobile casino bonus for the gambler who is busy and wants to be posted about the offers regularly. Some of the mobile casino operators would be happy to offer mobile poker games, sports betting on the go as well as mobile betting.

On your mobile phone the various color displays may not be there, but the information is useful anyway as you get regular updates. Instead of the internet which has a larger computer or laptop screen, you get it on the smaller screens of mobile phones. Mobile casino bonus websites also feature a variety of news on gambling, reviews of features provided by casinos, poker rooms, bingos and casino bonus promotions

Website Design and Development for Air Philippines Done by Web Dot Com by Michelle Dunst

Since 1998, Web Dot Com Website Development Philippines, Inc.

The Air Philippines website is a concrete testimonial to the skills of the web site developers, programmers and designers of Web Dot com. Rodriguez Jr. This serves as the link to the Picture Gallery for Air Philippines activities.

Air Philippines, also called PAL Express, is a low cost domestic airline that has been awarded four times by the Consumers Union of the Philippines as the Most Outstanding Domestic Airline. Its parent company is the national flag carrier, Philippine Airlines.

All in all, the impression one gets from the website design is fun and friendliness. The visitor cannot help but associate these adjectives with the airline that the website represents.

As a web hosting provider, the company offers domain name registration along with low cost advanced web site development packages. These well-trained professionals are specialists in php, mysql, Java Script and other Internet tools and languages.

The focal point is the flash animation showing an Air Philippines plane taking off. Ave., Libis (C-5),

Quezon City, 1110 Philippines


Telephone numbers: (632) 634-4625; (632) 635-6104

On the lower half of the main page are buttons that link to the Flight Schedule, Rate Sheet and FAQs. Based on the clients requirements, these packages may include advanced interactive database driven web site development, advanced portal development, heavy web based programming, web application development, content management systems, good website design, graphic design and multimedia components including flash animation development, e-commerce site solutions including a shopping cart using osCommerce, web site maintenance and support, search engine optimization, search engine marketing and social media marketing. Much higher on the upper right hand corner is the link to the airlines route map.

The Featured Destination page can be reached through a very attractive photo link on the main page. There are also buttons to get to the page about corporate accounts, the sign up for free email alerts, travel tips and the Air Philippines blog.

Web Dot Com has been chosen to do the website design and website development for Air Philippines.. These are the colors of the Philippine flag, tying Air Philippines to its parent company. As this article is being written the Featured Destination is Palawan and the photo link is of the famous Underground River.

The Air Philippines website landing pages have a fiesta-like theme with red and yellow as the dominant colors, balanced by a touch of blue and generous white borders on both sides. Ask for its excellent and affordable website design and website development packages.

Web Dot Com Website Development Philippines, Inc.


2nd Floor, BTT Center

#20 E. The rolling updates at the top of the page clickable to get to the full stories further entice visitors.

Web Dot Com Website Development Philippines, Inc. The Air Philippines logo, which is a stylized red eagle in flight against a yellow sun, is prominently displayed and adds to the vibrant look of the page. is your One Stop Shop Internet and Contact Center Solutions Vendor for the Global Market. Web Dot Com also provides other business process outsourcing (BPO) services such as contact center solutions.

A much smaller flash section at the bottom of the page scrolls through thumbprint photos.

Air Philippines flights cover Manila, Cebu, Davao, Caticlan, Iloilo, Zamboanga, General Santos, Cagayan de Oro, Butuan, Surigao, Ozamis, Dipolog, Tacloban, Virac, Tuguegarao, Mindoro, Puerto Princesa, Ormoc, Naga, Catarman, Calbayog and Busuanga.

Website Design and Development for Air Philippines Done by Web Dot Com

 by: Michelle Dunst

Right beside the flash animation is a very simple form that visitors can use to instantly book a flight or a hotel online.

At the top of the page, right below the scrolling updates, are buttons that lead to sections titled Home, Flight Info, About Us and Contact Air Philippines. This gives dynamism to the web page. has been giving top quality service to local Philippine clients and international clients from the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong, Korea and the British Virgin Islands who are outsourcing web development to Manila

W’Africa Sports Betting Conference Holds, Articles

The submit also covered the latest online and mobile sports betting innovation, new sports betting regulations, player acquisition approaches for sports betting and the future of gaming in Africa.

Yhaya Maikori, Partner, Law Allianz President, Nigeria Gaming Association noted that the sports betting business is barely 20 per cent of the market potential as there are many places in Nigeria where there are no betting shops.. The biggest companies in Europe are online, and whether there is legislation or not, people can bet on their phones and make money, while the states are losing.”

He emphasised that legislation is needed, so as to make money for the state and put mechanism or laws in place to deal with those who are prone to addiction.

The exhibition, held in Lagos at Eko Hotel brought together participants representing Africa and European facing sports books, gaming companies and industry experts to discuss the strategies needed to excel in sports betting and lottery markets.

While presenting his key note address, Lanre Gbajabiamila, CEO, Lagos State Lotteries Board, Nigeria disclosed that the conference was brought to Lagos since Lagos state is the pioneer regulator of the gaming industry, adding that a lot of people see sports betting as gambling because they have not been enlightened about what the industry is all about.

In a bid to discuss the specific strategies of growth and market development for West Africa’s sports betting and lottery sector and look into the challenges and opportunities of entering West African gaming markets, the maiden edition of Sports Betting West Africa conference/Exhibition has been launched.

According to him, “For Lagos alone, unutilised potential is about N30 to 40 billion annually

MLB All Star news and updates

It was a huge comeback,” Frazier said. I was excited. Kansas City had not had any starters since outfielder Jermaine Dye in 2000. And the hometown Reds can celebrate a starter, too, despite Cincinnati’s sorry season. Frazier trailed Carpenter by 2.5 million votes in mid-June and by 63,000 at the start of the week but finished ahead by 2.1 million. “We’re going to have a blast,” said Royals manager Ned Yost, manager of the AL team. “I’ve got a few more hurdles to clear with my running, but I feel like I’m getting pretty close.

” Each fan could cast up to 35 ballots in the first year of all-online voting. Cincinnati’s Todd Frazier leapfrogged St. “I’m pretty much on Cloud Nine.” NL starters include Arizona first baseman Paul Goldschmidt, Miami second baseman Dee Gordon and St.

The All-Star Game will have a Kansas City flavor, just not as much as it appeared last month. At least two elected starters will miss the game because of injuries: Miami outfielder Giancarlo Stanton broke a hand on June 26, and Detroit first baseman Miguel Cabrera hurt his left calf Friday. Trout will make his fourth straight All-Star appearance. “The All-Star Game is an experience you never forget, and to do it with so many of our teammates there is really special.” Yost already has made one decision: Cain will play right field and Mike Trout of the Los Angeles Angels will play center. Pitchers and reserves will be announced Monday. Seattle’s Nelson Cruz, suspended for the final 50 games of the 2013 season for violating baseball’s drug agreement, was elected to start for the second straight year.. In addition, the Cardinals’ Matt Holliday, who finished third among NL outfielders behind Harper and Stanton, has been sidelined since straining a quadriceps on June 8 and is uncertain when he will return. “I was really nervous. The New York Yankees do not have any fan-elected starters for the first time since 2001. “Winning brings attention, and that’s what we’ve been doing,” Gordon said. Toronto’s Josh Donaldson will start at third for the second straight year after receiving a record vote total of 14.09 million, topping Josh Hamilton’s 11.07 million in 2012. “I’m getting there,” Holliday said. Louis shortstop Jhonny Peralta, who also was suspended 50 games following MLB’s investigation of the Biogenesis of America clinic. MLB said 620 million votes were cast, breaking the old mark of 391 million in 2012. Dee Gordon remembered attending All-Star Games when his dad, pitcher Tom Gordon, made the roster. Altuve overturned a 232,000-vote deficit in Monday’s update and finished with 9.63 million to top Infante, who was just shy of 9 million. Washington outfielder Bryce Harper set a mark for NL players at 13.86 million, topping the previous record of 7.62 million set three years ago by San Francisco catcher Buster Posey, who was elected to start again this year. “In 2004 I got kicked off the field for trying to rob Home Run Derby homers,” he said.

Four players ties the AL record for fan-elected starters, achieved nine times previously. AL champion Kansas City will be represented in the starting lineup by outfielders Lorenzo Cain and Alex Gordon, catcher Salvador Perez and shortstop Alcides Escobar.

In the closest vote at any position, Cruz’s 10.6 million votes edged Morales’ 10.32 million at designated hitter. Louis third baseman Matt Carpenter and will be in the NL starting lineup for the July 14 game at Great American Ball Park, according to final results announced Sunday. Houston second baseman Jose Altuve passed Kansas City’s Omar Infante in the final days of voting, leaving four Royals as starters for the All-Star Game. People have noticed it.” Eight Royals were on track to start in vote totals announced June 15, but first baseman Eric Hosmer, third baseman Mike Moustakas and designated hitter Kendrys Morales also were overtaken. “I think we play with a lot of energy, a lot of fun. Trout was second this year with 14 million

Rufus: BBL deliberations to resume August despite petitions in Supreme Court

On June 10, he interpellated for four hours and 47 minutes.

Marcos had said he would submit to the Senate a substitute bill before the President delivers his SONA on July 27. Frederick Abueg on June 4; Gabriela party-list Rep. Carlos Isagani Zarate and Magdalo party-list Rep. MindaNews file photo by Froilan Gallardo” width=”620″ height=”415″/>Cagayan de Oro Rep. Leonen was chair when the FAB was signed.

“We will continue deliberations in August,” Rodriguez told MindaNews in a text message Sunday afternoon, adding “there is no TRO (temporary restraining order) issued by the Supreme Court.”

Only eight of 38 representatives who signed up to interpellate finished: Minority leader Ronnie Zamora of San Juan City and Camarines Sur Rep. MindaNews file photo by Toto Lozano ” width=”620″ height=”414″/>Zamboanga City Rep. Rufus Rodriguez of Cagayan de Oro described as a “historic vote,” an “affirmative action to fully correct centuries of neglect and injustice.”

Senator Ferdinand Marcos had, during that week, delivered a privilege speech saying the BBl in its present form and substance would “lead us to perdition.”

Zamboanga City Rep. Pryde Henry Teves on June 3; Zamboanga del Norte Rep. MindaNews file photo by Froilan Gallardo  DAVAO CITY (MindaNews/ 12 July) – The House of Representatives will resume deliberations on the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) next month without waiting for the Supreme Court’s ruling on the petitions filed by the Philippine Constitution Association (Philconsa) and a former representative “to declare as unconstitutional and void” the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro (FAB) and the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB), Cagayan de Oro Rep. Rufus Rodriguez, chair of the House of Representatives’ Ad hoc Committee on hte Bangsamoro Basic Law.. Ferdinand Martin Romualdez, former Senator Francisco “Kit” Tatad, Arcbhishops Ramon Arguelles of Lipa and Romulo dela Cruz of Zamboanga, Davao City’s Archbishop Emeritus Fernando Capalla, and Norberto Gonzales, who held several positions in the Arroyo administration, including Defense Secretary and National Security Adviser.  He told MindaNews on Sunday that he does not know the decision of the House leadership on resuming deliberations on the BBL while petitions to declare the FAB and CAB unconstitutional are pending in the Supreme Court.  When the presiding officer ruled on the motion to suspend Lobregat’s interpellation at 9:20 p.m., Lobregat clarified if it was mere suspension and not termination.  Both parties agreed under the FAB that the status quo was not acceptable and that they would work for the creation of a new autonomous political entity called the Bangsamoro, that would replace what is now the 25-year old Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Celso Lobregat will resume his interpellation of the principal authors of HB 5811, the substitute bill to the BBL, when Congress resumes session end of this month. President Benigno Simeon Aquino III had earlier dubbed the ARMM a “failed experiment.”  “Halfway”. on June 10 before adjourning sine die.  MindaNews asked how far his interpellation would go and he said he was “nasa kalahati na” (halfway).  By then, Lobregat had clocked a total of 10 hours and 32 minutes of interpellation in five days. Rolando Andaya on June 2; Negros Oriental Rep. Rufus Rodriguez, chair of the House of Representatives’ Ad hoc Committee on hte Bangsamoro Basic Law.. Celso Lobregat will resume his interpellation of the principal authors of HB 5811, the substitute bill to the BBL, when Congress resumes session end of this month. The Philconsa included former GPH peace panel chair Marvic Leonen, now Supreme Court Associate Justice, as among the respondents. Gary Alejano on June 10.  The Committee version, however, has been criticized as offering an autonomous region that is less than the ARMM.  The 98-member Ad Hoc Committee on the Bangsamoro Basic Law approved on May 20 by a vote of 50 in favor, 17 against and one abstention, its substitute bill, HB 5811, providing for a Basic Law for the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region, in what Committee chair Rep. The BTC submitted its draft to Congress in ceremonial rites held at Malacanang on September 10, 2014.  Zamboanga City Rep. (Carolyn O. Luz Ilagan on June 9 and Bayan Muna party list Rep. Arguillas / MindaNews)   <object width=

The Philconsa filed its petition on June 19, the same day former Lakas Rep. Jacinto Paras of Negros Occidental also filed a similar petition. Celso Lobregat started interpellating on June 3, continued on June 4, 8, 9 and 10.

At the Senate, the Senate Committee on Local Governments ended its committee hearings before Congress adjourned sine die on June 10.

The Philippine government (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) signed the FAB on October 15, 2012 and the CAB on March 27, 2014.

The Philconsa, which also sought the issuance of a TRO and/or writ of preliminary injunction, is being represented in the petition by its President, Lakas Rep. Rufus Rodriguez, chair of the Ad Hoc Committee on the BBL, said.

The House of Representatives suspended interpellations on HB 5811, the substitute bill to the BBL at 9:20 p.m. Seth Frederick Jalosjos and Palawan Rep. MindaNews file photo by Toto Lozano

The other respondents in the Philconsa petition are GPH peace panel chair Miriam Coronel-Ferrer, MILF peace panel chair Mohagher Iqbal and Budget Secretary Florencio Abad.

He said he has not finished his interpellation “but I think I will let the others interpellate first.”

The proposed BBL, drafted by the 15-member GPH-MILF Bangsamoro Transition Commission (BTC) was based on the FAB and CAB.

The draft bill became HB 4994 in the House of Representatives and SB 2408 in the Senate.

The Paras petition, on the other hand, has Ferrer, GPH peace panel members Senen Bacani, Yasmin Busran-Lao and Mehol Sadain, as well as Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Teresita Quintos-Deles, as respondents.

Lobregat, who had over a hundred proposed amendments during the Committee hearing, but whose motions were repeatedly defeated by a vote of the majority, had found his platform – the plenary – to say his piece.

Cagayan de Oro Rep   </p>
	</div><!-- .entry-content -->
	</article><!-- #post-## -->

<article id=

Beating the house: patrons’ claims against casinos may seem like standard cases, but they’re not. Learn what you need to know to win.

Supp. 2000).

However, some states allow only innocent third parties, such as

those injured by a driver who became intoxicated at the casino, to bring

dram shop claims. [section] 2703(8).

Generally, as long as the plaintiff can set out some factual

assertions, the court will allow the jury to decide the factual elements

of an intentional tort claim. 2d 724, 727 (Miss. Some courts use

an objective-reasonableness test, looking at the total


When a slot machine is the focus of the dispute, the casino must

seal off the machine and discontinue play until the commission conducts

its investigation. 2d 1185, 1198-1200; Sengel, 2 P.3d 258,


As casinos continue to spread across the country and more Americans

enjoy the recreational opportunities they offer, more casino-related

cases will inevitably arise. REV. ANN. (3)

Class I includes social games for prizes of nominal value, including

games associated with traditional Native American celebrations. [section] 463.362 (2001).

The number of gaming establishments on Native American land is

growing at a brisk rate. INDIAN L. The following general

regulatory scheme has been adopted in several jurisdictions, including

Mississippi and Nevada.

Because of this, intentional tort claims against casinos are

relatively common. The

coin is the consideration. Washburn, Recurring

Problems in Indian Gaming; 1 WYO. IGT, 2 P.3d 258, 261-63; (Nev. 2000) (upholding

decision whole supported by any evidence); cf. L. 2d 811 (Miss.


(15.) Hallmark, 823 So. Also develop contacts with the gaming commission,

particularly the investigating agents: You will be glad to have them

when you need help recovering and protecting the evidence.

(2.) Arizona, California, Colorado Connection, Illinois, Indiana,

Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana. Unlike jackpot disputes, premises liability claims are not

required to go through a special administrative process. REV. 2d 378, 381

(Miss. Send a copy to the state gaining

commission. Courts will often examine whether the casino guards’

actions, particularly the force used, were reasonable. MAR. 2d 709,

720-721 (Miss. (2)


(2d ed, 1995); see also Joseph M. (10) Other courts go in the opposite

direction, placing riverboats under the authority of admiralty law. Joe Client’s story is

token directly from a case in which the plaintiff was awarded the full

jackpot. 895, 954-56 (2000); Matthew Shafner, Innovative

Approach to Indian Casino Cases–The Sovereign Immunity Problem, 2002


(24.) See e.g., Alpha Gulf Coast, 801 So. 529, 556-57 (2004).

In a premises case against a casino, familiarize yourself with the

facility’s policies and procedures. Riverboat Amusement Corp., 52 F.3d 560,570

(5th Cir, 1995). STAT. 2003).

Jackpot disputes

(11.) See, e.g., Wiora v. 30, 2004).

Only after all these administrative steps are exhausted and the

gaming commission has issued a final order can the plaintiff seek a

remedy in court. Ill. Mich. (10) If the petition is not filed

within the period required by statute, the plaintiff might be barred

from further action. 2003); NEV. (7) Therefore, it is

essential that you understand the regulatory procedures specific to the

state where the claim arose.

(13.) See LIONEL SAWYER COLLINS, supra note 4, at [section]


When examining a casino’s actions after a dispute has arisen,

focus on the stops the casino took to ensure a prompt and accurate

investigation. REV.

285 (1998) (offering overview of Native American tribal courts).

Analysis of Native American casino litigation must begin with the

U.S. Also, if the security procedures were

inadequate, a claim for negligent instruction may result. (4) For

instance, Class III Native American gaming is allowed only in states

that permit casino gaming. 705 (1998).

Due to the large number of casino visitors each year and to the

abundance of free alcohol that casinos provide, slip-and-fall claims are

common. As in

any premises claim, the standard concepts of duty breach, causation, and

damages apply.

While land and dockside casino gaming are generally regulated by

state statutes, two other types fall under other distinct areas of

regulation. Discovering any casino hostility or inactivity will

benefit the plaintiff’s claim. The casino’s obligation to pay is

contingent on the reel combination at the end of the game. This argument

has been clearly rejected in most jurisdictions. Kelly, Casino Gaming Disputes, 2001


Slot machine experts can provide valuable information to plaintiff

attorneys on the game’s electronic operation and how to interpret

the electronic data it generates. 2003).

Class III gaming includes all other forms of gambling, including

casino gaming, and is subject to certain federal regulations, as set out

in the IGRA and further regulated in administrative proceedings. (9)

As in many areas of the law, casino regulation differs among the

states, but there are certain similarities. Generally the gaming commission has

discretion to review the examiner’s decision before issuing a final


(6.) See generally Nell Jessup Newton, Tribal Courts Praxis: One

Year in the Life of Twenty Indian Tribal Courts, 22 AM. See generally Jeff Nemerofski, What Is a Vessel? A

Three Prong Approach, 46 CLEV.

COM. Claims involving security personnel often include

false imprisonment, malicious prosecution, defamation, and assault and

battery. What should they know about

possible claims?

Always remember that the casino has all the evidence and must make

it available for use in the dispute. Jeff calls you from the hospital. Generally, the state court will merely review the

commission’s decision, without empaneling a jury, to confirm

whether there is evidence to support the commission’s findings.



(19.) Bridges v. For example, casinos often have

a timetable for destroying surveillance videos. (17) The expert should

obtain and analyze the casino’s internal security rules and


In an effort to prevent crime and cheating, casinos employ

well-funded security teams. L. [section] 5:12-99 (1996).

(17.) Robert H. Park Place Entm’t, 860 So. Class II

includes bingo and certain card games, but excludes most casino gaming.

Regulation of class I and II gaming is generally left under the

exclusive control of Native American tribes.

As Jeff Client was driving to work one morning, another vehicle

jumped the median and struck his car, and Jeff was seriously injured. For example, the Fifth Circuit and the Mississippi Supreme

Court have held that stationary dockside gaming structures do not fall

under admiralty jurisdiction. 1997) (stating that claim should not fall under maritime

jurisdiction merely because casino structure can be moved across water);

Gremillion v. (21) In reality,

successfully maintaining a dram shop claim on behalf of din intoxicated

person, instead of a third party; is extremely difficult.

(22.) See e.g. supra note 6, at 175.

(23.) See Romanski v. The next day, Joe walks into your office.

Does he have a legal claim against the casino?

(9.) See, e.g., MISS. As he walks through the casino parking lot,

John trips on a depression in the asphalt and suffers serious injuries.

The casino’s video surveillance cameras capture the incident and

confirm not only that the asphalt contained the indentation that John

tripped on, but also that several other holes and depressions were

noticeable in the surrounding area. When you act early and make a diligent effort to obtain the

vast amount of information casinos retain–their policies and procedures

as well as data on both patrons in general and injuries in

particular–you can achieve favorable results for your client.

Under the law, the casino must follow certain procedures whenever a

patron disputes a game. CODE ANN. Oregon, South Dakota, Washington, and Wisconsin. (24)

(18.) See, e.g., N.J. [subsection] 75-76-159-75-76-165 (2001 Supp. 2002); Thomas v. IGT v. (5) This provision gives states the power to negotiate with

tribes regarding new gaming establishments.

In a case involving casino security staff, you should request

surveillance videos, training materials, and personnel data as early as

possible. e.g., MISS. 2003) (allowing petition to be filed within 20 days of receipt of

executive director’s decision).

Inquiries like Joe’s are becoming more common.

Gambling–sometimes referred to by the less threatening term

“gaming”–is on the rise in the United States and expanding at

au unprecedented rate. Nelson Rose, Winning a Jackpot Dispute in Mississippi,

7 GAMING L. (6) In fact, plaintiffs

might be statutorily barred from obtaining relief if they don’t

seek the proper administrative remedy first. MARSHALL J. 2d

988, 992-94 (N.D. Trump Taj Mahal Assoc., 70 F.3d 291,

293 (3d cir. L. 202, 221-22 (1987).

(11.) See MISS. (4)

(14.) See Hallmark, 823 So. If the guards

did indeed act overzealously, an intentional tort claim can be



John and Jane Client travel to a casino looking for a good time and

hoping to win big bucks. 2d 709, 720-21, (quoting

Wallace v. Krentzman, Dram Shop

Law–Gambling While Intoxicated: The Winner Takes It All? The Third

Circuit Examines a Casino’s Liability for Allowing a Patron to

Gamble While Intoxicated, 41 VILL. Thus, jackpot

disputes focus on contract terms and performance, such as how many coins

were played or whether there was a winning combination on the machine

reels. 2001); see also Garza v. [subsection] 2701-2721 (1994); see, e.g., 25 C.F.R.

[section] 502.4 (2003) (defining Class III gaming).

(6.) See e.g., NEV. (18) Casinos must make detailed

disclosures to the state gaming authority to show compliance with state


Many states have enacted “dram shop” laws that place

liability on a bar owner who serves alcohol to an obviously intoxicated person. (7) Without specialized

knowledge regarding the National Indian Gaming Commission and local

tribal regulatory procedures, patron disputes against Native American

casinos are difficult undertaking. Guida, Riverboat Gaming:

Legislation, Licensing; Site Selection, and Caselaw, 29 J. Native American gaming is often sheltered from state

regulatory commissions. 27, 2004).

(1.) Nat’l Indian Gaming Comm’n, Tribal Gaming Revenues,

available at (click on “Tribal Data,” then

“Gaming Revenues”) (last visited Apr. the casino has

a duty to provide a reasonably safe environment for its guests. 2d 1185, 1187

(Miss. JASON Nabors is a law clerk with the

firm and a third-year student at the University of Mississippi School of


In addition, security issues are often complicated by the extensive

state regulation of casino security. In these cases, the first days are

critical. (1)

Jackpot disputes involve contract law. These usually

involve slot machines, table games, or casino promotions or drawings.

(3) Disputes involving slot machines are the most common. (5)

Dram shop claims

(5.) LIONEL SAWYER COLLINS, supra note 4, at [section] 275.

Unlike normal contract cases, casino jackpot disputes are usually

subject to an administrative proceeding before relief can be sought in

the courts. While he was

sitting calmly at a machine, casino security–suspecting that he was

using a metal device to cheat–tackled him from behind. Supreme Court’s decision in California v. Thornburg, Face Recognition Technology: The

Potential Orwellian Implications and Possible Constitutionality of

Current Issues Under the Fourth Amendment, 20 J. STAT. 321, 328 (2002).

. Oct. Detroit Entm’t, 265 F. 1990)

(setting out three-part test for judging vessel status).

The physical assault caused James several minor physical injuries,

and he believes the incident damaged his reputation in the community. From 1990 to 1998, casino revenues grew from $8.7

billion to more than $22.2 billion, while the number of counties with

casino gaming increased from 26 to almost 200. Grinols David B. 1996) (stating that

false imprisonment is evaluated by “looking at the totality of the

circumstances, [whether] the actions of the defendant were objective

reasonable in their nature, purpose, extent, and duration”)).

(7.) See Cook v. These experts are vital to properly

handling a slot-machine-jackpot case.(14) You should hire the expert

during the investigative phase to help obtain and analyze all relevant

evidentiary questions. Because casinos have

been notorious for destroying videos and other evidence, immediately

request videotapes and any other discoverable information that the

casino has in its possession. Grand Casinos, 697 So. ST. Hallmark, 823 So. REV. 2003;

see also Campione v. Thornton, 672 So. In

one such claim, the estate of a patron who died in a car crash after

becoming drunk at a casino sued the establishment. The expert should also review the investigative

findings of the commission and the casino in forming expert opinions.

Riverboat and cruise ship gaming

Whether or not the casino informs the state gaming commission, the

patron should always request an investigation. See also King v. Supp. secretary of the

interior. at 813-14

(5.) [section] 2710(d); see also Kevin K. CODE ANN. After further

investigation, security officials determined that he had no illegal


(10.) See. (23) Whether the guards initially tried to

settle the problem calmly could he important to the outcome of the case.

One court found a casino liable for false imprisonment and malicious

prosecution where security guards detained and charged with disorderly

conduct a patron who had acted in a calm and orderly manner after being

instructed to leave. For example, with a slot machine, the patron accepts the

casino’s offer to gamble by inserting a coin into the machine. 1998)

(granting primary jurisdiction to New Jersey Casino Control Commission).

See generally I. 1998); See also Jessica L. CODE ANN. Always request all documents relevant to the

incident, including the gaming commission’s report of its specific


James Client won jackpots at several slot machines. Bells go off and other gamblers congratulate him.

Suddenly, casino employees gather around the machine. REV. They threw him

to the ground in front of many witnesses, handcuffed him, and took him

to a holding area, where he was detained for two hours. Mardi Gras Casino Corp., 697 So. 781 So. (last visited

Apr. 143, 143 (2001).

(10.) Pavone v. (1) Currently, casinos

operate in 24 states. L. Isle of Capri Casino. Supp. Corp., 68 F. Revenue from these establishments grew from

about $8.5 billion in 1998 to about $14.5 billion in 2002. 2d 125, 133 (Miss.

2001) (finding failure to follow procedure to be spoliation by casino,

resulting in presumption against casino).

(8.) See the National Indian Gaming Commission Web site,, for articles on tribal gaming and contact information for

tribes that operate casinos.

John and Jane come to you tot help. Itarrah’s Ill. These states specifically prohibit claims by

voluntarily intoxicated people. Meanwhile, inside the casino, Jane

is injured when she trips over boxes that were stacked according to casino procedure. Immediately after the initial

meeting with a client, write a letter to casino representatives asking

that they preserve the evidence. However, the court action will not be like a

traditional lawsuit. (8) In disputes involving lesser amounts, the casino

generally has a duty to inform the patron of the light to request an

investigation by the state regulatory commission. They say casinos have a duty

to refuse to allow obviously intoxicated people to gamble. COMPUTER

INFO. Solomon Gregory D. Claims range from highly regulated jackpot disputes to

traditional premises liability actions. (11)

Determine what precedent applies before agreeing to represent clients in

actions against these types of casinos.

(7.) See Peter Nicolas, American-Style Justice in No Man’s

Land, 36 GA. Dimly lit parking garages and criminal activity around casinos

may also lead to claims for failure to maintain reasonable security

measures. Gambling necessarily

involves a contractual agreement, which includes offer, acceptance, and

consideration. This liability extends to that person’s negligent acts. (15)

(1.) Earl L. Hakimogluv. If the casino fails to

do this, the commission can usually bring a disciplinary action against


In a twist on traditional dram shop litigation, some gamblers have

argued that casinos should be liable when a patron suffers gambling

losses after becoming drunk at the casino. (20)

(8.) See, e.g., MISS. (9)

(20.) See id. Mustard, Business Profitably

Versus Social Profitably: Evaluating Industries with Externalities, The

Case of Casinos, 22 J. REM STAT. They offer little explanation and begin

tampering with the machine. (16)

Although the question has been tricky, it is relatively settled in

a few courts. In some jurisdictions an

official called the executive director will conduct the investigation.

The commission will appoint an investigative officer or agent to gather

information and form opinions. Gulf Coast Catering Co., 904 F.2d 290, 293 (5th Cir. The plaintiff

settled out of court, showing that some such actions can be successfully

maintained for damages.(19)

Casino security guards often detain or evict patrons for unruly or

illegal behavior, which may result from the patrons’ consumption of

free alcohol. REV. To successfully handle an action

against a casino, you need specialized knowledge of casino procedures

and state regulatory schemes.

Gaming on reservations

(3.) See Thomas W. Framer

employees can often provide valuable information on security practices

and policies and other incidents.

(21.) See, e.g. (12)

Once a Native American casino is opened, the state has essentially

zero regulatory authority. MANAGERIAL DECISION ECON. He

comes to you for help.

BRIGGS SMITH if a partner with Smith, Phillips, Mitchell

Scott in Batesville, Mississippi. Her fall, like John’s, was captured by

surveillance cameras.

If the patron (or the casino) is dissatisfied with the executive

director’s decision, he or she should immediately petition for a

hearing before the gaming commission. A hearing examine appointed by the gaming

commission will conduct the hearing. Casino

security is much more technically involved and sophisticated than

security in many other business establishments, so be sure to hire an

expert with special expertise in this area.

As in any negligent security case, experts are critical. 2d

773, 776 (Miss. [section] 75-76-159 (2001

Supp. Adamar of N.J., Inc., 714 A.2d 299, 306 (N.J. Before bringing a patron dispute, attorneys

generally have to first be admitted to the tribal court. L. CODE ANN. Generally, the state gaming board or commission has

authority over the administrative proceeding. Sheridan, Litigating Casino Promotion Claims,


Tropicana Casino Resort, 109 F. 2d 324 (E.D. Casinos also must guard against patrons cheating and

underage gamblers trying to sneak in. Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri,

Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina,

North Dakota. [section] 75-76-159 (2001

Supp. Beyond fulfilling the general duty to provide

fair games, casinos must notify the gaming commission of disputes whose

value exceeds a statutory amount–for example, $500 in some

jurisdictions. (13) The casino also should photograph the machine

and question witnesses. 2d 439, 441

(Miss. 427, 429 (2001).

(2.) 4801 U.S. L. (8)

(12.) See Grand Casino Biloxi v. 1997).

Joe Client, playing a casino slot machine, is surprised when he

hits the jackpot. REV. 21, 2003) (holding

that casino used reasonable force).

Related Article: Native American and floating casinos are a

different game.

Detainment or eviction

As more tourists and gamblers flock to casinos, litigation against

these establishments is increasing and spreading to new parts of the

country. 175 (2003(); see also National Gambling Impact Study

Commision’s Gambling Statutes Database, available at, html (last visited Apr.

27, 2004).

Cases involving casinos on riverboats and cruise ships can be

particularly challenging because they may fall under admiralty

jurisdiction. Because of high employee turnover in

casinos, workers’ loyalty to the casino is usually limited. These materials will help you make sure the relevant security

procedures were followed. v. The executive director will usually

notify, the parties of the final decision within 30 days. Traditional Kickapoo Tribe of

Tex., No. (2) In response to this ruling, Congress

passed the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA), which enumerated three

classes of gaming, each subject to different regulatory standards. 2d 835, 847

(E.D. 1255, 1283 (1996); John

Warren Kindt, “The Insiders” for Gambling Lawsuits: Are The

Games “Fair” and Will Casinos and Gambling Facilities Be Easy

Targets for Blueprints for RICO and Other Causes of Action?, 55 MERCER

L. 2d 1185.

(4.) 25 U.S.C. The evidence proved

that the casino had notice of the patron’s drunkenness: He could

not legibly sign his own name on a check, and a casino employee wrote

the patron’s name for him on a promotional game slip. Pa. An

investigation revealed that the other driver, who was coming from a

local casino and had been served numerous free alcoholic beverages during the night, was very drunk. Riverboat and cruise ship gaming are sometimes

regulated by admiralty law.

(3.) 25 U.S.C. Also, the tribal governing body and the

National Indian Gaming Commission must approve casino development plans.

Most important, the IGRA requires a compact that must be agreed on by

the state and the tribe, and then approved by the U.S. Cabazon Band of

Mission Indians, disallowing state civil regulation of casino gaming on

Native American reservations. 03-50209, 2003 WL 22391241 (5th Cir. 2001) offering most favorable interpretation to patron).

(16.) See generally Rose. Jackson, 801 So. See I.

Nelson Rose, Gambling and the Law: Status of Gambling Laws (Aug. (6) Also,

Native American casinos are immune from traditional state or federal

court tort actions, absent a waiver of sovereign immunity by the tribe

or a congressional authorization to bring suit. [section] 75-76-161 (2001

Supp. What

action can he take?

(9.) See Allan B. After a brief

inspection, they tell Joe that he did not, in fact, win a jackpot, but

the machine malfunctioned. Kelly, 778 So. CODE ANN. 215 (1998). [subsection] 463.361-463.366 (2001);

MISS. Alpha Gulf Coast, Inc. REV. Often, guards are not properly

trained to handle every situation that might occur, and they are

sometimes overzealous in detaining or evicting patrons.

Premises liability

Some disputes, like Joe’s, arise when a casino visitor feels

cheated by a particular game or by casino employees. Miss. [section] 75-76-171 (2001 Supp,

2003); Sengel v. Discerning whether a gambling boat fits the definition of

a “vessel” under maritime law has often been a difficult

factual question, especially where the casino is a nontraditional

floating structure. 1999).

Jackpot disputes are often winnable. 3,

2003), available at www